According to a news report on BBC, a research conducted in Sweden revealed that artificial intelligence has successfully detected breast cancer by analyzing X-rays. Scientists from Lund University stated that the AI’s detection success rate is comparable to the results achieved by two radiologists during the standard diagnostic process. However, they also emphasized the need for further research before widespread implementation.
Previous AI trials in the UK worked on X-rays of previously diagnosed breast cancer cases, but this new study simultaneously involved two radiologists in the diagnostic process. The research, published in the peer-reviewed journal Lancet Oncology, examined mammograms of over 80,000 women with an average age of 54 in Sweden. Half of the images were reviewed by the two radiologists using the standard procedure, while the other half were analyzed by the AI before being presented to one or both radiologists.
In comparison to the standard method, the AI detected 244 cases of breast cancer in contrast to the 203 cases identified by the radiologists. The AI’s false-positive rate, meaning the likelihood of diagnosing cancer in a person without breast cancer, was also found to be the same as the standard procedure at 1.5 percent.